Historical Background - Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines
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Historical Background

1.1 HISTORY

Location Map of Nueva Vizcaya Region

The Province of Nueva Vizcaya, which was named after the people living in the coast of Mar de Vizcaine in Spain, was a part of the vast “Territorio de Missionares” of the Spanish- controlled government of Cagayan.  The territory covered the eastern half of Northern Luzon, from Nueva Ecija to Aparri, including the Batanes Islands.

On May 24, 1839, Governor-General Luis Lardizabal, upon the advice of the Alcalde Mayor of Cagayan, issued an order making Nueva Vizcaya a separate politico-military province.  The King of Spain through a royal decree approved the order on April 10, 1841.  Governor Pedro Menchaca was the first appointed politico-military governor of the new province.  However, the Spanish sovereignty ceased upon the arrival of the Philippine revolutionary forces in Bayombong on August 1898.

The province had its first taste of civil government in 1902 when the Philippine Commission organized it.  The present territory of Nueva Vizcaya was a result of the changes emanating from the formal creation of the province of Isabela in May 1856, wherein a great portion of its northern territory was ceded to the newly born province.  The organization of the Ifugao province in 1908 further reduced the area of Nueva Vizcaya.  The survey executed by the Bureau of Lands and the enactment of the Administrative Code in 1914 and 1917 respectively retrenched the province’s scope.  In addition, the Republic Act No. 6394 in 1971 made Quirino a regular province further reducing the territory of the province.

1.2 ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE
Our ancestors and the first inhabitants of Nueva Vizcaya includes: the Ayangans, Kalanguyas, Isinais, Gaddangs, Bugkalots and Iwaks. More than 25,000 years ago, they built a civilization based on agriculture and the main political unit, the Barangay.(Teich, 2019) In 1839, Nueva Vizcaya was created as a province. Endowed with rich natural resources, particularly in agriculture, the province attracts numerous tribes from other regions in the country. The first wave of migrants, the Ilocanos, started to arrive from 1850s to 1930s. The migrants from Cordilleras on the other hand started to arrive in the province in year 1950. Other migrants who form big portion of the population are the Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Pangasinenses, Kapampangans , Ifugaos and others.
1.3 POLITICAL OFFICIALS
Tables A-1, A-2 and A-3 show the chronology of elected and appointed officials for the positions of Congressman/Assemblyman/Representative, Governor and Vice Governor and their corresponding terms of office. The lone Legislative District of Nueva Vizcaya is the representation of the Province of Nueva Vizcaya in the Philipine House of Representatives. Nueva Vizcaya was first represented in the Philippine Assembly in 1916, which included the present-day Quirino Province in 1972. From 1978 to 1984, it was part of the representation of Region II and since 1984, it has been represented on its own.
Table A-1 Past and Incumbent Congressmen/Assemblymen/Representatives: 1916 – Present
NamePeriod
WENCESLAO VALERA                                      1916-1919
EVARISTO PANGANIBAN1919-1922
EULOGIO RODRIGUEZ1922-1925
ANTONIO G. ESCAMILLA1925-1928
MANUEL NIETO1928-1931
DOMINGO MADDELA1931-1934
SEVERINO PURUNGGANAN1934-1935
BERNARDO BUENAFE1935-1938
GUILLERMO BONGOLAN1938-1941
LEON CABARROGUIS1945 (Elected)
LEONARDO B. PEREZ1953-1965 (Elected)
BENJAMIN PEREZ1970 (Elected)
CARLOS M. PADILLA1978-1984 (Elected Assemblyman Region Wide)
LEONARDO B. PEREZ1984-1986 (Elected)
CARLOS M. PADILLA1988-1992 (Elected)
LEONARDO B. PEREZ1992-1995(Elected)
RODOLFO Q. AGBAYANI2004-2007(Elected)
CARLOS M. PADILLA2007-2016 (Elected)
LUISA LLOREN CUARESMA2016-Present (Elected)
Source: Nueva Vizcaya Historical Society Nueva Vizcaya Beckons 2000 by DANIEL/ BAYLE/ PADILLA/ ROSARIO(Sangguniang Panlalawigan)
Table A-2 Past and Incumbent Governors : 1917 – Present
NamePeriod
 TOMAS P. MADDELA, SR.                           

November 1917-April 1918 (Acting)
 LOPE K. SANTOSApril 1918-September 1920 (Appointed)
 DOMINGO MADDELAOctober 1920- June 1922 (Appointed)
 DOMINGO MADDELA June 1922-June 1925 (Elected)
 ALFONSO CASTAÑEDA June 1925-June 1928 (Elected)
 JUAN A. MANZANO June 1928-June 1931 (Elected)
 LEON CABARROGUIS June 1931-June 1934 (Elected)
 LEON CABARROGUIS June 1934- December 1937 (Elected)
 TOMAS P. MADDELA, SR. January 1938-December 1940 (Elected)
 DEMETRIO QUIRINO, SR. January 1940-1945 (Elected)
 MARTIN LOPEZ 1945-1946 (Appointed)
 JOSE MADARANG 1946 (Appointed)
 JOSE MADARANG 1947-1948 ( Elected)
 MANOLO MADDELA 1949-1951 (Appointed)
 JOSE A. MADARANG 1952-1955 (Elected)
 JOSE G. ESPINO1955-1959(Elected)
 JOSE G. ESPINO 1960-1962 (Elected)
 CORAZON M. ESPINO 1962 (Appointed)
 PATRICIO G. DUMLAO, SR. January 1963-1976 (Elected)
 BELEN F. CALDERON  1976 (Appointed)
 OSIAS D. CADIENTE  1976-March 22, 1980 (Appointed)
 NATALIA F. DUMLAO March 23, 1980-April 2, 1986 (Elected)
 RUTH R. PADILLA December 1987-February 2, 1988 (Appointed)
 PATRICIO G. DUMLAO  February 3, 1988- June 30,1992 (Elected)
 PATRICIO G. DUMLAO July 1, 1992 – August 31, 1992
 RODOLFO Q. AGBAYANI 1992-2004 (Elected)
 LUISA LLOREN CUARESMA 2004-2013 (Elected)
 RUTH R. PADILLA 2013-2016 (Elected
 CARLOS M. PADILLA 2016- Present (Elected)
Source: Nueva Vizcaya Historical Society Nueva Vizcaya Beckons 2000 by DANIEL/ BAYLE/ PADILLA/ ROSARIO(Sangguniang Panlalawigan)

Table A-3 Past and Incumbent VIce Governors: 1986-Present

NamePeriod
 CASTILLO B. TIDANG, SR. 
 GUILLERMO ABAN 
 LUIS BERNABE 
 GLORIA EUROPA 
 RUTH R. PADILLAApril 1986- Nov 1987
 MANUEL AQUINO Dec 1987- Feb 1988
 ALEJANDRO SILAPAN Feb 1988- June 1992
 RODOLFO Q. AGBAYANI July 1992- August 1992
 ROGELIO P. CORPUZ August 1992- June 1995
 NATALIA F. DUMLAO July 1995- June 1998
 LUISA LLOREN CUARESMA July 1998-June 2004
 JOSE V. GAMBITO July 2004-June 2013
 EPIFANIO LD. GALIMA July 2013-June 2018
 JOSE D. TOMAS, SR. July 2018-Present
Source: Nueva Vizcaya Historical Society Nueva Vizcaya Beckons 2000 by DANIEL/ BAYLE/ PADILLA/ ROSARIO(Sangguniang Panlalawigan)
1.4 POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS
GENERAL INFORMATION
  •  Number of Municipalities-15
  • Capital Town-Bayombong
  • Summer Capital – Kayapa
  • Commercial Capitol-Solano
  • Institutional and Educational Center – Bayombong
  • Congressional District-1
  • North Sector- Ambaguio, Bagabag, Bayombong, Diadi, Quezon, Solano, Villaverde
  •  South Sector – Alfonso Castañeda, Aritao, Bambang, Dupax del Norte, Dupax del Sur, Kasibu
BARANGAYS
  • Number of Barangays-275
  • Municipalities with the most number of barangays – Kasibu and Kayapa with 30 Barangays each
  • Municipalities with the least number of barangay- Alfonso Catañeda (6)
DISTANCE FROM BAYOMBONG
  • 1. Alfonso Castañeda-180 kms
  • 2. Ambaguio -36 kms
  • 3. Aritao – 30 kms
  • 4. Bagabag -20 kms
  • 5. Bambang -15 kms
  • 6. Bayombong – 0 kms
  • 7. Diadi – 38 kms
  • 8. Dupax del Sur – 25 kms
  • 9. Dupax del Norte -22 kms
  • 10. Kasibu – 47 kms
  • 11. Kayapa – 62 kms
  • 12. Quezon – 14 kms
  • 13. Solano – 5 kms
  • 14. Santa Fe – 50 kms
  • 15. Villaverde – 19 kms
Source: 2017 Provincial Socio-Economic Profile – Provincial Planning and Development Office.